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    Konrad Peutinger (1465-1547) was an antiquarian and noted coin collector. He was also a map collector, and the Tabula Peutingeriana took its name from him. It is preserved in the State Library of Vienna. 
     He was a retainer of the Emperor Charles V, and attempted to persuade Luther to accept the authority of the Emperor in religious matters.

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     Luther refused to recant, and was allowed to return to Wittenberg under the Emperor's safe conduct. Because he was also an outlaw his friends were concerned for his safety. As he traveled he was "kidnapped" and taken to the Wartburg in Eisenach where he lived for almost a year as "Junker Jörg," Knight George. While he was there he began a translation of the New Testament from the original Greek text as edited by Erasmus of Rotterdam (1516, 2.ed. 1519) into German.

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           Wartburg, Eisenach                               View of Luther's Room

     Among those who came to Luther's defense was Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523), patriot, poet, knight, scholar, satirist, and humanist. The Emperor Maximilian I crowned him poet laureate of Germany in 1517. That year he entered the service of the Archbishop of Mainz, but his support of Luther resulted in his dismissal from the Archbishop's service.

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Ulrich von Hutten

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