The Manesse Manuscript (Grosse
Heidelberger Liederhandschrift) was
copied and illustrated between 1305 and 1340 in Zurich, Switzerland.
It contains the songs of the Minnesänger, German knights, poets and
singers of virtues of courtly love (Minne). The
manuscript also has pictures of 137 of the singers, showing them as
idealized knights, with their heraldic colors and devices. The
manuscript was probably compiled at Zürich and is preserved in the
University of Heidelberg Library.
The stamp issued in 1958
to mark the Third Austrian Song Festival in Vienna displays a picture
of Walter von der Vogelweide, a poet, from the Manesse
manuscript. His famous and very beautiful
Palëstinalied dates from the Crusade of 1228. It was rediscovered
in 1910; it is the earliest surviving Minnesinger melody (a variant on
a Provençal troubadour song). Walter is considered the finest poet of
the German language before Goethe. He may have painted the picture
used on the stamp himself.
In 1988 Switzerland issued
a set of four stamps with miniatures from the Manesse
Count Rudolf von Nurenburg, 12th, 13th century