In 925 Tomislav unified the
inland plain and the coast into Croatia. In 1102 King Petar Svacic
died and Croatia became a vassal state of Hungary. In 1180 Bosnia became
an independent state under Kulan Ban (King). The Charter which
attested attributes of independence was signed by Kulan Ban and Krvas,
the ruler of Dubrovnik in 1189. Kulan Ban ruled until 1204.
The stamp was issued in 1989 to mark the 800th
anniversary of the signing of the Charter of Kulan Ban.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 87
In 1189 Kulin Ban (1163-1204) issued the first written Bosnian
document, a trade agreement between Bosnia and the republic of
Dubrovnik, known as Povelja Kulin Ban, the “Charter of Kulin Ban.” In
1995 the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina issued a stamp which shows
a small part of the Povelja, written in Cyrillic.
The translation which follows was done by W.
In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. I,
Kulin, ban of Bosnia, swear to be a true friend to you, o prince
Kr'vash, and to all Dubrovnik citizens from now on and forever, and to
keep true peace with you, and true faith, as long as I am alive. All
Dubrovnik people who go through my domain trading, wherever anyone
wants to move or wherever anyone passes, I will in true faith and with
a true heart keep without any damage, unless someone of his own will
gives me a gift, and let there be no violence against them by my
officers, and as long as they are in my lands I will give them advice
and help as I would to myself, as much as I am able, without any evil
intention, so help me God and this holy Gospel. I Radoje the ban's
clerk wrote this document by the command of the ban, one thousand and
one hundred and eighty and nine years from the birth of Christ, the
month of August, the twenty-ninth day, [the day of] the beheading of
John the Baptist.