Finland ~ 1863
was a part of the Kingdom of Sweden from 1154 until 1809. It was then
ceded to Russia. The Finnish flag, white and blue for lakes and snow,
was adopted first in 1863, the same year that Finnish was recognized
as an official language of the country together with Swedish and
Russian. Finland achieved her independence in 1917, and in 1918
adopted her flag.
Iceland ~ 1915
was ruled by Norway from 1264 until 1381, and until 1944 by Denmark.
The flag adopted for use in home water only at first was adopted in
1915, and was approved by King Christian X of Denmark in 1919. The
colors are a direct reversal of the colors of the Norwegian flag.
merchant flag has the same colors and design, but has two points on
the free end or fly.