Sweden ~ 1520
not until 1906 that the flag of Sweden was officially adopted,
although the basic design had a long history. About 1520 it was
adopted by the Swedish nationalists who rebelled against the Danes
under the leadership of Gustavus Vasa. The colors are the colors of
the national coat of arms consisting of three golden crowns on a blue
State flag, perhaps more properly, the military flag or naval ensign,
has three points, and is 24% wider than the rectangular flag used by
civilian State institutions.
stamp it flies from the masts of the Wasa, a 64 gun warship
built for the Swedish navy by the Dutch shipwrights, Hendrick
Hybertszoon and Henrik Jakobson, in 1627. If she had not capsized and
sunk in the harbor of Stockholm on her maiden voyage, August 10, 1627,
she would have been the most powerful ship of her time. Her guns were
salvaged in the 17th century, but the wreck itself was not raised
until April 24, 1961. The ship is being rebuilt and rerigged.
As is proper the flag's free end flies toward the front
of the ship because the wind is from the rear.
In 1994 Sweden issued this stamp with an "artistic"
design showing the Swedish and French flags to celebrate
Swedish-French cultural relations.
Norway ~ 1821
and Denmark were united at the end of the 14th century, and the
unified country used the Danish red flag with the white cross. In 1814
Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden. In 1821 the Norwegian flag was
designed and used in her coastal waters. In 1898, a few years before
she gained full independence from Sweden in 1905, Norway was able to
use the flag as her national flag. The flag is the Dannebrog
with the addition of the blue cross.
The Norwegian stamp shows a field of flags in
celebration of 20 years of freedom after the end of World War II.
Close inspection shows a flag with three points, the State ensign.
United States stamp shows the Norwegian flag as a part of the "Overrun
Countries" issue of 1943.